Dr. Tsubokura's Radiation Lecture Vol.59
Author: Masaharu Tsubokura
Editors: Akihiko Ozaki M.D., Yuki Senoo
117. Cultivation leads to reduction of contamination
When radioactive cesium is present in the soil, plants absorb it instead of nutrients, and this process results in contamination. Moreover, the extent of absorption of radioactive cesium could vary depending on the types of plants and the soil. On the other hand, numerous countermeasures and efforts have been made to reduce the level of contamination in agricultural products, including soil decontamination and redesigns of the cultivating method, fertilizer types, and growing plants.
Cultivation and tillage are two of the approaches taken to reduce contamination. It has been discovered that the cesium absorption of plants can be mitigated, without conducting complete decontamination of the field, by replacing the top layer of soil with the lower layer (a technique called reverse tillage) and/or by a deep plowing.
Cesium binds tightly to the soil particle and is generally present in the surface of the ground. Therefore, when the field is cultivated, the concentration of cesium contained in the soil lowers as the field is mixed with less contaminated soil.